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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2303;

A Review of the Developed New Model Biodiesels and Their Effects on Engine Combustion and Emissions

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
Xi’an Research Institute of High Technology, 603 PO Box, Xi’an 710025, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 October 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 19 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Combustion Study of Biodiesel and Biofuel)
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Biodiesel is regarded to be a renewable, CO2 neutral and thus sustainable biological alternative diesel fuel. With attention to the reduction of petroleum import, PM 2.5 aerosol particles and the greenhouse effect gas CO2, biodiesel has drawn great research interests and efforts in the past decade in China. Generally, biodiesel refers to fatty acid methyl ether (FAME) which has a proved effect in reducing diesel emission, particularly PM. However, FAME has a limited cetane number and oxygen content, to study the effects of elevated cetane number and oxygen content on fuel properties, engine combustion and emissions, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is used to produce a series of new models of biodiesels by transesterification method. The feedstocks are rapeseed oil, soybean oil, peanut oil, palm oil and cottonseed oil. Ether group alcohols used in this study include ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, ethylene glycol monopropyl ether, propylene glycol monomethyl ether, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, triethylene glycol monomethyl ether. The molecular structure was proved by FT-IR and NMR analyses. Fuel properties were measured based on the corresponding standards. The developed new model biodiesels have cetane number (CN) over 70 and oxygen content over 17% by mass, which are higher than FAME (50 CN and 11% oxygen). They have the same level of lower heating value as FAME, but have a higher density, which helps to compensate the decrease of engine power. Meanwhile, the engine tests were carried out to investigate the effects of ether ester group on engine combustion and emissions. The test results show that FAME reduced smoke 30% to 50%, while the new model biodiesel fuels reduced engine smoke as high as 80% and have the potential to decrease engine HC, CO and NOx emissions 50% or more. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiesel; ethylene glycol monomethyl ether; engine; combustion; emission biodiesel; ethylene glycol monomethyl ether; engine; combustion; emission

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Liu, S.; Chen, W.; Zhu, Z.; Jiang, S.; Ren, T.; Guo, H. A Review of the Developed New Model Biodiesels and Their Effects on Engine Combustion and Emissions. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2303.

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