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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(10), 1793; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8101793

Identification of Hybrid Okra Seeds Based on Near-Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging Technology

College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China
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Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 18 September 2018 / Accepted: 25 September 2018 / Published: 1 October 2018
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Abstract

Near-infrared (874–1734 nm) hyperspectral imaging technology combined with chemometrics was used to identify parental and hybrid okra seeds. A total of 1740 okra seeds of three different varieties, which contained the male parent xiaolusi, the female parent xianzhi, and the hybrid seed penzai, were collected, and all of the samples were randomly divided into the calibration set and the prediction set in a ratio of 2:1. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to explore the separability of different seeds based on the spectral characteristics of okra seeds. Fourteen and 86 characteristic wavelengths were extracted by using the successive projection algorithm (SPA) and competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS), respectively. Another 14 characteristic wavelengths were extracted by using CARS combined with SPA. Partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and support vector machine (SVM) were developed based on the characteristic wavelength and full-band spectroscopy. The experimental results showed that the SVM discriminant model worked well and that the correct recognition rate was over 93.62% based on full-band spectroscopy. As for the discriminative model that was based on characteristic wavelength, the SVM model based on the CARS algorithm was better than the other two models. Combining the CARS+SVM calibration model and image processing technology, a pseudo-color map of sample prediction was generated, which could intuitively identify the species of okra seeds. The whole process provided a new idea for agricultural breeding in the rapid screening and identification of hybrid okra seeds. View Full-Text
Keywords: seed classification; near-infrared spectroscopy; hybrid okra seeds; chemometrics seed classification; near-infrared spectroscopy; hybrid okra seeds; chemometrics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhang, J.; Feng, X.; Liu, X.; He, Y. Identification of Hybrid Okra Seeds Based on Near-Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging Technology. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1793.

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