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Review

Probing Physics in Vacuum Using an X-ray Free-Electron Laser, a High-Power Laser, and a High-Field Magnet

1
International Center for Elementary Particle Physics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
2
Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kiyoshi Ueda
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 671; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7070671
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 27 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue X-Ray Free-Electron Laser)
A nonlinear interaction between photons is observed in a process that involves charge sources. To observe this process in a vacuum, there are a growing number of theoretical and experimental studies. This process may contain exotic contribution from new physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics, and is probed by experiments using a high-power laser or a high-field magnet, and more recently using an X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL). Here, we review the present status of our experiments testing various vacuum processes. We describe four experiments with a focus on those using an XFEL: (i) photon–photon scattering in the X-ray region, (ii) laser-induced birefringence and diffraction of X rays, (iii) vacuum birefringence induced by a high-field magnet, and (iv) a dedicated search for axion-like particles using the magnet and X rays. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum vacuum; strong-field QED; vacuum magnetic birefringence; axion; XFEL quantum vacuum; strong-field QED; vacuum magnetic birefringence; axion; XFEL
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MDPI and ACS Style

Inada, T.; Yamazaki, T.; Yamaji, T.; Seino, Y.; Fan, X.; Kamioka, S.; Namba, T.; Asai, S. Probing Physics in Vacuum Using an X-ray Free-Electron Laser, a High-Power Laser, and a High-Field Magnet. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 671. https://doi.org/10.3390/app7070671

AMA Style

Inada T, Yamazaki T, Yamaji T, Seino Y, Fan X, Kamioka S, Namba T, Asai S. Probing Physics in Vacuum Using an X-ray Free-Electron Laser, a High-Power Laser, and a High-Field Magnet. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(7):671. https://doi.org/10.3390/app7070671

Chicago/Turabian Style

Inada, Toshiaki, Takayuki Yamazaki, Tomohiro Yamaji, Yudai Seino, Xing Fan, Shusei Kamioka, Toshio Namba, and Shoji Asai. 2017. "Probing Physics in Vacuum Using an X-ray Free-Electron Laser, a High-Power Laser, and a High-Field Magnet" Applied Sciences 7, no. 7: 671. https://doi.org/10.3390/app7070671

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