Diffraction-Based Optical Switching with MEMS
AbstractWe are presenting an overview of MEMS-based (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System) optical switch technology starting from the reflective two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) MEMS implementations. To further increase the speed of the MEMS from these devices, the mirror size needs to be reduced. Small mirror size prevents efficient reflection but favors a diffraction-based approach. Two implementations have been demonstrated, one using the Texas Instruments DLP (Digital Light Processing), and the other an LCoS-based (Liquid Crystal on Silicon) SLM (Spatial Light Modulator). These switches demonstrated the benefit of diffraction, by independently achieving high speed, efficiency, and high number of ports. We also demonstrated for the first time that PSK (Phase Shift Keying) modulation format can be used with diffraction-based devices. To be truly effective in diffraction mode, the MEMS pixels should modulate the phase of the incident light. We are presenting our past and current efforts to manufacture a new type of MEMS where the pixels are moving in the vertical direction. The original structure is a
Share & Cite This Article
Blanche, P.-A.; LaComb, L.; Wang, Y.; Wu, M.C. Diffraction-Based Optical Switching with MEMS. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 411.
Blanche P-A, LaComb L, Wang Y, Wu MC. Diffraction-Based Optical Switching with MEMS. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(4):411.Chicago/Turabian Style
Blanche, Pierre-Alexandre; LaComb, Lloyd; Wang, Youmin; Wu, Ming C. 2017. "Diffraction-Based Optical Switching with MEMS." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 4: 411.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.