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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 1081; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7101081

Mechanisms of Sweep on the Performance of Transonic Centrifugal Compressor Impellers

Turbomachinery Laboratory, State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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Received: 17 August 2017 / Revised: 17 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 18 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)
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Abstract

Transonic centrifugal compressors with high performance are required in the oil and gas industries, modern gas turbine engines, and turbochargers. The sweep of the blades is one of the crucial features that have a significant influence on their performance. This paper numerically investigates mechanisms by which sweep affects the performance of a transonic impeller with twin splitters. Sweep is defined as scaling up or down the shroud chord, and the variation range of the sweep angle has been chosen from −25 to +25°. In the current case, results show that the variation of choke mass flow rate, pressure ratio, and efficiency value is around 1%. If the centrifugal compressor has a higher pressure ratio or a higher front loading, the sweep effect on compressor performance will be even stronger. The essential aerodynamic effect of sweep is the spanwise redistribution of the front loading, resulting in effects on the shock structure, the tip leakage vortex, and the flow separation. On the shroud section, forward sweep restricts the front loading, the shock strength, and the tip leakage vortex, which reduces the loss near the casing. On the hub section, aft sweep suppresses the front loading and the flow separation, which reduces the loss near the hub. It is the delicate balance between controlling the loss near the hub and the loss near the casing that determines the optimal sweep angle design. View Full-Text
Keywords: centrifugal compressor; shock wave; flow control centrifugal compressor; shock wave; flow control
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He, X.; Zheng, X. Mechanisms of Sweep on the Performance of Transonic Centrifugal Compressor Impellers. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1081.

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