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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 1009;

B4C-Al Composites Fabricated by the Powder Metallurgy Process

Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 August 2017 / Accepted: 19 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radiation Effects of Materials with Laser, Ion Beam and Rays)
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Due to the large thermal neutron absorption cross section of 10B, B4C-Al composites have been used as neutron absorbing materials in nuclear industries, which can offer not only good neutron shielding performance but also excellent mechanical properties. The distribution of B4C particles affects the mechanical performance and efficiency of the thermal neutron absorption of the composite materials. In this study, 15 wt % B4C-Al and 20 wt % B4C-Al composites were prepared using a powder metallurgy process, i.e., ball milling followed by pressing, sintering, hot-extrusion, and hot-rolling. The yield and tensile strengths of the composites were markedly increased with an increase in the milling energy and the percentages of B4C particles. Microstructure analysis and neutron radiography revealed that the high-energy ball milling induced the homogeneous distribution of B4C particles in the Al matrix and good bonding between the Al matrix and the B4C particles. The load transfer ability and mechanical properties of the composites were consequently improved. The results showed the high-energy ball milling process is an appropriate fabrication procedure to prevent the agglomeration of the reinforcement particles even if the matrix to reinforcement particle size ratio was nearly 10. View Full-Text
Keywords: B4C-Al composites; high-energy ball milling; mechanical property; neutron radiography B4C-Al composites; high-energy ball milling; mechanical property; neutron radiography

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, L.; Shi, J.; Shen, C.; Zhou, X.; Peng, S.; Long, X. B4C-Al Composites Fabricated by the Powder Metallurgy Process. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1009.

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