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An Investigation of the Policies and Crucial Sectors of Smart Cities Based on IoT Application

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Escolla Técnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona (ETSEIB), Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya (UPC), Av. Diagonal, 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
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Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia
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Center for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London SE1 0AA, UK
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Department of Planning, Design, and Technology of Architecture, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Gramsci 53, 00197 Rome, Italy
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Centre for Artificial Intelligence Research and Optimisation, Torrens University Australia, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia
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Yonsei Frontier Lab, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh 3919715179, Iran
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Research Fellow in IoT and Big Data, Business and Management Research Institute, University of Bedfordshire, Luton LU1 3JU, UK
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Centre for Efficiency and Performance Engineering (CEPE), Department of Engineering & Technology, School of Computing and Engineering, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire HD1 3DH, UK
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Solar Thermal Vacuum Engineering Research Group, London Centre for Energy Engineering, School of Engineering, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 0AA, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dimitrios S. Paraforos, Anselme Muzirafuti, Giovanni Randazzo and Stefania Lanza
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(5), 2672; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12052672
Received: 13 January 2022 / Revised: 28 February 2022 / Accepted: 1 March 2022 / Published: 4 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Future Transportation)
As smart cities (SCs) emerge, the Internet of Things (IoT) is able to simplify more sophisticated and ubiquitous applications employed within these cities. In this regard, we investigate seven predominant sectors including the environment, public transport, utilities, street lighting, waste management, public safety, and smart parking that have a great effect on SC development. Our findings show that for the environment sector, cleaner air and water systems connected to IoT-driven sensors are used to detect the amount of CO2, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen to monitor air quality and to detect water leakage and pH levels. For public transport, IoT systems help traffic management and prevent train delays, for the utilities sector IoT systems are used for reducing overall bills and related costs as well as electricity consumption management. For the street-lighting sector, IoT systems are used for better control of streetlamps and saving energy associated with urban street lighting. For waste management, IoT systems for waste collection and gathering of data regarding the level of waste in the container are effective. In addition, for public safety these systems are important in order to prevent vehicle theft and smartphone loss and to enhance public safety. Finally, IoT systems are effective in reducing congestion in cities and helping drivers to find vacant parking spots using intelligent smart parking. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart cities; Internet of Things (IoT); strategy; monitoring smart cities; Internet of Things (IoT); strategy; monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Razmjoo, A.; Gandomi, A.; Mahlooji, M.; Astiaso Garcia, D.; Mirjalili, S.; Rezvani, A.; Ahmadzadeh, S.; Memon, S. An Investigation of the Policies and Crucial Sectors of Smart Cities Based on IoT Application. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 2672. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12052672

AMA Style

Razmjoo A, Gandomi A, Mahlooji M, Astiaso Garcia D, Mirjalili S, Rezvani A, Ahmadzadeh S, Memon S. An Investigation of the Policies and Crucial Sectors of Smart Cities Based on IoT Application. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(5):2672. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12052672

Chicago/Turabian Style

Razmjoo, Armin, Amirhossein Gandomi, Maral Mahlooji, Davide Astiaso Garcia, Seyedali Mirjalili, Alireza Rezvani, Sahar Ahmadzadeh, and Saim Memon. 2022. "An Investigation of the Policies and Crucial Sectors of Smart Cities Based on IoT Application" Applied Sciences 12, no. 5: 2672. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12052672

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