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Optimizing Field Body Fat Percentage Assessment in Professional Soccer Players

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Isabel I, 09003 Burgos, Spain
3
Department of Health and Human Performance, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
CD Leganés Medical Services, 28918 Madrid, Spain
5
Physical Performance and Sports Research Center, Department of Sports and Computer Science, Section of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Seville, Spain
6
Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Redha Taiar
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(2), 727; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12020727
Received: 1 December 2021 / Revised: 24 December 2021 / Accepted: 5 January 2022 / Published: 12 January 2022
Body composition is a determinant of performance in soccer. To estimate the body fat percentage (%BF), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is effective though this method is expensive and not readily accessible. This study examines the validity of widely used field methods based on anthropometric data and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Participants were 21 male Spanish First Division soccer players aged between 22 and 35 years. In each participant, body fat mass was determined by BIA and using 18 anthropometric equations including skinfold (SKF) measurements. DXA was used as reference. Correlation with DXA measurements was excellent for all equations and separate SKF measurements yet only moderate for BIA. However, only the equation recently developed for use in soccer players based on iliac crest and triceps SKFs showed no significant or standardized differences with DXA-derived %BF and these measurements also had the lowest bias. Our findings suggest that when DXA is not available, the best field method for %BF assessment in footballers is the equation based on iliac crest and triceps SKF. As another good option, we propose the sum of triceps, subscapular, supraspinal, and abdominal SKFs, as this combination also showed good correlation with DXA. View Full-Text
Keywords: football; fat mass; bioelectrical impedance; dual X-ray absorptiometry; skinfolds football; fat mass; bioelectrical impedance; dual X-ray absorptiometry; skinfolds
MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez-Ferran, M.; Rafei, E.; Romero-Morales, C.; Pérez-Ruiz, M.; Lam-Meléndez, A.; Munguia-Izquierdo, D.; Pareja-Galeano, H. Optimizing Field Body Fat Percentage Assessment in Professional Soccer Players. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12020727

AMA Style

Martinez-Ferran M, Rafei E, Romero-Morales C, Pérez-Ruiz M, Lam-Meléndez A, Munguia-Izquierdo D, Pareja-Galeano H. Optimizing Field Body Fat Percentage Assessment in Professional Soccer Players. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(2):727. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12020727

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martinez-Ferran, Maria, Eleh Rafei, Carlos Romero-Morales, Margarita Pérez-Ruiz, Alberto Lam-Meléndez, Diego Munguia-Izquierdo, and Helios Pareja-Galeano. 2022. "Optimizing Field Body Fat Percentage Assessment in Professional Soccer Players" Applied Sciences 12, no. 2: 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12020727

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