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Review

Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Training for Pediatric Gait Disorders: A Scoping Review

1
Department of Rehabilitation, Laval University, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
2
Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Québec, QC G1M 2S8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: René Schwesig
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(1), 323; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12010323
Received: 30 November 2021 / Revised: 21 December 2021 / Accepted: 28 December 2021 / Published: 29 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Exercise Rehabilitation)
The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the literature on the use of anti-gravity treadmills and its effects on lower-limb motor functions in children and adolescents with locomotor impairments. Method: Four databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science) were searched for articles from inception to August 2021. Inclusion criteria were: (1) experimental or quasi-experimental studies using anti-gravity training as the primary intervention; (2) studies conducted in pediatric participants; (3) articles reporting outcomes related to lower-limb functions; and (4) studies published in French or English. Results: Fifteen articles were included in the review. Studies included children and adolescents aged 4–18 years with locomotor impairments. Intervention duration ranged from 2 to 12 weeks, with 2–5 sessions per week. Included studies reported that anti-gravity training induces improvements in muscle strength, balance, spatiotemporal gait parameters, and walking endurance in children with locomotor impairments. Conclusion: This review provides relevant information about interventions, outcomes and limits associated with anti-gravity training in pediatrics. Overall, anti-gravity treadmill training could be viewed as a valuable training modality, specifically for children with cerebral palsy. However, a more precise and comprehensive description of anti-gravity training protocols would be useful. View Full-Text
Keywords: pediatric; gait; rehabilitation; anti-gravity; treadmill pediatric; gait; rehabilitation; anti-gravity; treadmill
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cherni, Y.; Gagné-Pelletier, L.; Bouyer, L.; Mercier, C. Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Training for Pediatric Gait Disorders: A Scoping Review. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 323. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12010323

AMA Style

Cherni Y, Gagné-Pelletier L, Bouyer L, Mercier C. Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Training for Pediatric Gait Disorders: A Scoping Review. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(1):323. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12010323

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cherni, Yosra, Léandre Gagné-Pelletier, Laurent Bouyer, and Catherine Mercier. 2022. "Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Training for Pediatric Gait Disorders: A Scoping Review" Applied Sciences 12, no. 1: 323. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12010323

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