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Review

A Review of X-ray Microcalorimeters Based on Superconducting Transition Edge Sensors for Astrophysics and Particle Physics

NWO-I/SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Niels Bohrweg 4, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
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Academic Editor: Andrea Giachero
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(9), 3793; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093793
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 18 April 2021 / Accepted: 19 April 2021 / Published: 22 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Application of Particle Detectors)
The state-of-the-art technology of X-ray microcalorimeters based on superconducting transition-edge sensors (TESs), for applications in astrophysics and particle physics, is reviewed. We will show the advance in understanding the detector physics and describe the recent breakthroughs in the TES design that are opening the way towards the fabrication and the read-out of very large arrays of pixels with unprecedented energy resolution. The most challenging low temperature instruments for space- and ground-base experiments will be described. View Full-Text
Keywords: superconducting detectors; X-ray microcalorimeters; low temperature detectors; neutrino mass experiments; detectors for particle physics; solar axions; B-mode polarization experiments; X-ray observatory; space instruments for astrophysics superconducting detectors; X-ray microcalorimeters; low temperature detectors; neutrino mass experiments; detectors for particle physics; solar axions; B-mode polarization experiments; X-ray observatory; space instruments for astrophysics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gottardi, L.; Nagayashi, K. A Review of X-ray Microcalorimeters Based on Superconducting Transition Edge Sensors for Astrophysics and Particle Physics. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3793. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093793

AMA Style

Gottardi L, Nagayashi K. A Review of X-ray Microcalorimeters Based on Superconducting Transition Edge Sensors for Astrophysics and Particle Physics. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(9):3793. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093793

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gottardi, Luciano, and Kenichiro Nagayashi. 2021. "A Review of X-ray Microcalorimeters Based on Superconducting Transition Edge Sensors for Astrophysics and Particle Physics" Applied Sciences 11, no. 9: 3793. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093793

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