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Open AccessArticle

Gastrocnemius Activation throughout the Competitive Season in Athletes of Different Experience Levels

1
University of Coimbra, 3004-531 Coimbra, Portugal
2
Polytechnic of Coimbra, ESTeSC, 3046-854 Coimbra, Portugal
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra, CEMMPRE, 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal
4
Polytechnic of Coimbra, ISEC, 3030-199 Coimbra, Portugal
5
Polytechnic of Coimbra, ESEC, 3030-329 Coimbra, Portugal
6
University of Coimbra, CIDAF, 3040-248 Coimbra, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(3), 984; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030984
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
Basketball is a team sport in which the players undergo rapid reactions, and running efforts are usually carried out in all directions. The main goal of the present study was to evaluate the muscle activity response in different basketball movements, considering two types of athletes with different levels of experience. Using a group of nine volunteers, female athletes from a senior basketball team, a data acquisition protocol was defined to identify the changes that occurred throughout the sports season. In this study, to assess the gastrocnemius muscle activity, intensity peak (%MC) and time to peak (TP) were evaluated for five typical basketball skills and movements involving running and jumping with and without the ball. Seven repetitions were executed for each movement, performed at two different time-points of the sports season: at the beginning of the teams’ competition, in November (T1), and at the season peak, in March (T2). TP presents greater values for T2 of the season when compared with T1. The results show that the level of experience of the athletes has a significant effect on the results of TP and %MC, particularly when comparing the two seasons. View Full-Text
Keywords: basketball; electromyography; stage of training; sports biomechanics; basketball moves basketball; electromyography; stage of training; sports biomechanics; basketball moves
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amaro, C.M.; Castro, M.A.; Roseiro, L.; Mendes, R.; Amaro, A.M. Gastrocnemius Activation throughout the Competitive Season in Athletes of Different Experience Levels. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 984. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030984

AMA Style

Amaro CM, Castro MA, Roseiro L, Mendes R, Amaro AM. Gastrocnemius Activation throughout the Competitive Season in Athletes of Different Experience Levels. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(3):984. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030984

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amaro, Catarina M.; Castro, Maria A.; Roseiro, Luis; Mendes, Rui; Amaro, Ana M. 2021. "Gastrocnemius Activation throughout the Competitive Season in Athletes of Different Experience Levels" Appl. Sci. 11, no. 3: 984. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030984

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