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Article

Real-Time Extensive Livestock Monitoring Using LPWAN Smart Wearable and Infrastructure

1
Aragon Institute of Engineering Research, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
2
GeoSpatium Lab S.L., Carlos Marx 6, 50015 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Akram Alomainy
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(3), 1240; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11031240
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Sensor Networks: Technologies, Applications, Prospects)
Extensive unsupervised livestock farming is a habitual technique in many places around the globe. Animal release can be done for months, in large areas and with different species packing and behaving very differently. Nevertheless, the farmer’s needs are similar: where livestock is (and where has been) and how healthy they are. The geographical areas involved usually have difficult access with harsh orography and lack of communications infrastructure. This paper presents the design of a solution for extensive livestock monitoring in these areas. Our proposal is based in a wearable equipped with inertial sensors, global positioning system and wireless communications; and a Low-Power Wide Area Network infrastructure that can run with and without internet connection. Using adaptive analysis and data compression, we provide real-time monitoring and logging of cattle’s position and activities. Hardware and firmware design achieve very low energy consumption allowing months of battery life. We have thoroughly tested the devices in different laboratory setups and evaluated the system performance in real scenarios in the mountains and in the forest. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal monitoring; low-power wide area networks; LoRaWAN; wearable devices design animal monitoring; low-power wide area networks; LoRaWAN; wearable devices design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Casas, R.; Hermosa, A.; Marco, Á.; Blanco, T.; Zarazaga-Soria, F.J. Real-Time Extensive Livestock Monitoring Using LPWAN Smart Wearable and Infrastructure. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11031240

AMA Style

Casas R, Hermosa A, Marco Á, Blanco T, Zarazaga-Soria FJ. Real-Time Extensive Livestock Monitoring Using LPWAN Smart Wearable and Infrastructure. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(3):1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11031240

Chicago/Turabian Style

Casas, Roberto, Arturo Hermosa, Álvaro Marco, Teresa Blanco, and Francisco J. Zarazaga-Soria. 2021. "Real-Time Extensive Livestock Monitoring Using LPWAN Smart Wearable and Infrastructure" Applied Sciences 11, no. 3: 1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11031240

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