The nonlinear dynamic features of compression roller batteries were investigated together with their nonlinear response to primary resonance excitation and to internal interactions between modes. Starting from a parametric nonlinear model based on a previously developed Lagrangian formulation, asymptotic treatment of the equations of motion was first performed to characterize the nonlinearity of the lowest nonlinear normal modes of the system. They were found to be characterized by a softening nonlinearity associated with the stiffness terms. Subsequently, a direct time integration of the equations of motion was performed to compute the frequency response curves (FRCs) when the system is subjected to direct harmonic excitations causing the primary resonance of the lowest skew-symmetric mode shape. The method of multiple scales was then employed to study the bifurcation behavior and deliver closed-form expressions of the FRCs and of the loci of the fold bifurcation points, which provide the stability regions of the system. Furthermore, conditions for the onset of internal resonances between the lowest roller battery modes were found, and a 2:1 resonance between the third and first modes of the system was investigated in the case of harmonic excitation having a frequency close to the first mode and the third mode, respectively.
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