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Single-Layer Pressure Textile Sensors with Woven Conductive Yarn Circuit

Department of Organic Materials and Fiber Engineering, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743, Korea
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Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(8), 2877; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10082877
Received: 9 March 2020 / Revised: 10 April 2020 / Accepted: 13 April 2020 / Published: 21 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Physics)
Today, e-textiles have become a fundamental trend in wearable devices. Fabric pressure sensors, as a part of e-textiles, have also received much interest from many researchers all over the world. However, most of the pressure sensors are made of electronic fibers and composed of many layers, including an intermediate layer for sensing the pressure. This paper proposes the model of a single layer pressure sensor with electrodes and conductive fibers intertwined. The plan dimensions of the fabricated sensors are 14 x 14 mm, and the thickness is 0.4 mm. The whole area of the sensor is the pressure-sensitive point. As expected, results demonstrate an electrical resistance change from 283 Ω at the unload pressure to 158 Ω at the load pressure. Besides, sensors have a fast response time (50 ms) and small hysteresis (5.5%). The hysteresis will increase according to the pressure and loading distance, but the change of sensor loading distance is very small. Moreover, the single-layer pressure sensors also show high durability under many working cycles (20,000 cycles) or washing times (50 times). The single-layer pressure sensor is very thin and more flexible than the multi-layer pressure sensor. The structure of this sensor is also expected to bring great benefits to wearable technology in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: single-layer-textile pressure sensor; carbon nanotubes (CNTs); hysteresis; conductive wool yarns single-layer-textile pressure sensor; carbon nanotubes (CNTs); hysteresis; conductive wool yarns
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, G.; Vu, C.C.; Kim, J. Single-Layer Pressure Textile Sensors with Woven Conductive Yarn Circuit. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 2877.

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