Residual stress is inevitable during welding, which will greatly affect the reliability of the structure. The purpose of this paper was to study the residual stress of the hoop structure caused by the cooling shrinkage of the weld when the outer cylinder was wrapped and welded under the condition of the existing inner cylinder. In this paper, the “method of killing activating elements” of ANSYS was used to simulate the three-dimensional finite element of the hoop structure. In the case of applying interlayer friction, the welding-forming process and welding circumferential residual stress of the hoop structure were analyzed. The blind hole method was used to test the residual stress distribution of the hoop structure, and the test results were compared with the finite element simulation results to verify the reliability of the simulation calculation method and the reliability of the calculation results. Then, the influence factors of the maximum welding residual stress of the hoop structure were studied. The results show that the maximum residual stress of the outer plate surface of the hoop structure decreases with the increase of the welding energy, the thickness of the laminate, the width of the weld seam, the welding speed, and the radius of the container. Based on the results of numerical simulation, the ternary first-order equations of the maximum residual stress of the hoop structure with respect to the welding speed, the thickness of the laminate, and the width of the weld seam were established. Then, the optimal welding parameters were obtained by optimizing the equations, which provided an important basis for the safe use and optimal design of the welding hoop structure.
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