The estimation of the unit weight of soil is carried out using laboratory methods; however, it requires high-quality research material in the form of samples with undisturbed structures, the acquisition of which, especially in the case of organic soils, is extremely difficult, time-consuming and expensive. This paper presents a proposal to use artificial neural networks to estimate the unit weight of local organic soils as leading parameters in the process of checking the load capacity of subsoil, under a direct foundation in drained conditions, in accordance with current standards guidelines. The initial recognition of the subsoil, and the locating of organic soils at the Theological and Pastoral Institute in Rzeszow, was carried out using a mechanical cone penetration test (CPTM), using various interpretation criteria, and then, material for laboratory tests was obtained. The analysis of the usefulness of the artificial intelligence method, in this case, was based on data from laboratory tests. Standard multi-layer backpropagation networks were used to predict the soil unit weight based on two leading variables: the organic content LOIT
and the natural water content w
. The applied neural model provided reliable prediction results, comparable to the standard regression methods.
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