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Open AccessArticle

Courtyard Sound Field Characteristics by Bell Sounds in Han Chinese Buddhist Temples

1
JangHo Architecture College, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2
School of East Asia Studies, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TD, UK
3
Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology, 66 West Dazhi Street, Nan Gang District, Harbin 150001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 1279; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10041279
Received: 4 January 2020 / Revised: 3 February 2020 / Accepted: 12 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Acoustics and Vibrations)
The acoustic environments of Han Chinese Buddhist temples have long played an important role in the development of Buddhism. This study explored the effects of layouts and spatial elements of Han Chinese Buddhist temples on courtyard sound fields. First, sound fields of three traditional Han Chinese courtyards were measured, and results were compared with sound field simulations to determine the appropriate acoustic and software parameter setting for ancient building materials in the context of sound field simulation. Next, a sound field model for standard forms of Han Chinese Buddhist temples was built and analysed. Results indicate that in traditional Buddhist temples, spatial elements—such as the height and sound absorption coefficient of temple courtyard walls, position of courtyard partition walls, and the position and height of bell towers—could significantly affect the sound pressure level (SPL), reverberation time (RT), and musical clarity (C80) of each courtyard. However, enclosure materials, such as those used in roofs, on the ground, and in windows of Han Chinese Buddhist temples, had relatively small effects on temple courtyard sound fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese Buddhist temple; spatial elements; courtyard sound fields; partition walls; bell tower; interface materials Chinese Buddhist temple; spatial elements; courtyard sound fields; partition walls; bell tower; interface materials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, D.; Kong, C.; Zhang, M.; Meng, Q. Courtyard Sound Field Characteristics by Bell Sounds in Han Chinese Buddhist Temples. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1279.

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