Accurate and efficient condition monitoring is the key to enhance the reliability and security of wind turbines. In recent years, an intelligent anomaly detection method based on deep learning networks has been receiving increasing attention. Since accurately labeled data are usually difficult to obtain in real industries, this paper proposes a novel Deep Small-World Neural Network (DSWNN) on the basis of unsupervised learning to detect the early failures of wind turbines. During network construction, a regular auto-encoder network with multiple restricted Boltzmann machines is first constructed and pre-trained by using unlabeled data of wind turbines. After that, the trained network is transformed into a DSWNN model by randomly add-edges method, where the network parameters are fine-tuned by using minimal amounts of labeled data. In order to guard against the changes and disturbances of wind speed and reduce false alarms, an adaptive threshold based on extreme value theory is presented as the criterion of anomaly judgment. The DSWNN model is excellent in depth mining data characteristics and accurate measurement error. Last, two failure cases of wind turbine anomaly detection are given to demonstrate its validity and accuracy of the proposed methodology contrasted with the deep belief network and deep neural network.
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