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The Neanderthal Musical Instrument from Divje Babe I Cave (Slovenia): A Critical Review of the Discussion

by Matija Turk 1,2,*, Ivan Turk 3 and Marcel Otte 4
1
ZRC SAZU Institute of Archaeology, Novi trg 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
National Museum of Slovenia, Prešernova 20, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Lunačkova 4, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
4
Université de Liège, 7, Place du XX Août, Bât. A1, 4000 Liège, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 1226; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10041226
Received: 28 November 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 26 January 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Musical Instruments: Acoustics and Vibration)
The paper is a critical review of different evidence for the interpretation of an extremely important archaeological find, which is marked by some doubt. The unique find, a multiple perforated cave bear femur diaphysis, from the Divje babe I cave (Slovenia), divided the opinions of experts, between those who advocate the explanation that the find is a musical instrument made by a Neanderthal, and those who deny it. Ever since the discovery, a debate has been running on the basis of this division, which could only be closed by similar new finds with comparable context, and defined relative and absolute chronology. View Full-Text
Keywords: Palaeolithic; Mousterian; Neanderthals; musical instrument; Divje babe I Palaeolithic; Mousterian; Neanderthals; musical instrument; Divje babe I
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Turk, M.; Turk, I.; Otte, M. The Neanderthal Musical Instrument from Divje Babe I Cave (Slovenia): A Critical Review of the Discussion. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1226.

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