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Article

Serious Game Platform with Haptic Feedback and EMG Monitoring for Upper Limb Rehabilitation and Smoothness Quantification on Spinal Cord Injury Patients

1
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Av. Complutense 30, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Biomechanics and Technical Aids Unit, National Hospital for Paraplegics, Finca La Peraleda, 45071 Toledo, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 963; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030963
Received: 4 October 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 24 January 2020 / Published: 2 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Health Engineering Volume II)
Cervical Spinal Cord injury (SCI) is a neurological disease that produces, as a consequence, impairments of the upper limb function. This paper illustrates a virtual reality platform based on three serious games for upper limb rehabilitation with electromyography monitoring, providing force feedback to the patient. In the rehabilitation process proposed, haptic feedback was provided to the patients to strength the arm muscles by means of the Novint Falcon device. This end-effector device was used to manipulate the serious games. During the therapy performance, the system recorded electromyography signals from the patient’s arm muscles, which may be used to monitor muscle contraction. The work presented a virtual reality system developed for spinal cord-injured patients. Each virtual reality environment could be modified in strength and duration according to the patients’ needs and was implemented for recording quantitative data about the motor performance. The platform was validated as a proof of concept in cervical spinal cord-injured patients. Results showed that this rehabilitation platform could be used for obtaining objective information in relation to motor control characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: upper limb rehabilitation; serious games; haptic feedback; electromyography sensors; virtual reality; smoothness upper limb rehabilitation; serious games; haptic feedback; electromyography sensors; virtual reality; smoothness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gutiérrez, Á.; Sepúlveda-Muñoz, D.; Gil-Agudo, Á.; de los Reyes Guzmán, A. Serious Game Platform with Haptic Feedback and EMG Monitoring for Upper Limb Rehabilitation and Smoothness Quantification on Spinal Cord Injury Patients. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030963

AMA Style

Gutiérrez Á, Sepúlveda-Muñoz D, Gil-Agudo Á, de los Reyes Guzmán A. Serious Game Platform with Haptic Feedback and EMG Monitoring for Upper Limb Rehabilitation and Smoothness Quantification on Spinal Cord Injury Patients. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(3):963. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030963

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gutiérrez, Álvaro, Delia Sepúlveda-Muñoz, Ángel Gil-Agudo, and Ana de los Reyes Guzmán. 2020. "Serious Game Platform with Haptic Feedback and EMG Monitoring for Upper Limb Rehabilitation and Smoothness Quantification on Spinal Cord Injury Patients" Applied Sciences 10, no. 3: 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030963

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