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Open AccessArticle

Modelling a Safety Management System Using System Dynamics at the Bhopal Incident

1
Department of Materials Engineering and Operations Management, University of Naples Federico II, 80138 Naples, NA, Italy
2
National Institute for Insurance against accidents at work (INAIL)—Operational Territorial Unit of Naples, 80138 Naples, NA, Italy
3
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, 80138 Naples, NA, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 903; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030903
Received: 17 November 2019 / Revised: 30 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 January 2020 / Published: 30 January 2020
In a safety management system (SMS), risk management plays a key role for the prevention of accidents. This study aims to propose a safety management model by using a system dynamics approach applied to the Bhopal incident. The model proposed in this paper discusses the relationships among the main causes that have contributed to the occurrence of the incident studied, such as broken safety devices, inadequate personnel experience, operator decisions, manager production strategy, policy decision, as deduced from the relevant literature about the Bhopal incident dynamics. The simulation and the results clarify how to manage the key factors to make the plant safe. Moreover, we want to underline how these key modern aspects of safety could be enhanced by using the enabling technologies of industry 4.0. View Full-Text
Keywords: safety management system; system dynamics; systemic approach; safety 4.0; industry 4.0 safety management system; system dynamics; systemic approach; safety 4.0; industry 4.0
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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Nardo, M.; Madonna, M.; Murino, T.; Castagna, F. Modelling a Safety Management System Using System Dynamics at the Bhopal Incident. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 903.

AMA Style

Di Nardo M, Madonna M, Murino T, Castagna F. Modelling a Safety Management System Using System Dynamics at the Bhopal Incident. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(3):903.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Di Nardo, Mario; Madonna, Marianna; Murino, Teresa; Castagna, Francesco. 2020. "Modelling a Safety Management System Using System Dynamics at the Bhopal Incident" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 3: 903.

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