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Article

Assessment of Hybrid Wind-Wave Energy Resource for the NW Coast of Iberian Peninsula in a Climate Change Context

1
CESAM, Physics Department, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
CRETUS Institute, Group of Nonlinear Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
3
Environmental Physics Laboratory (EphysLab), CIM-UVIGO, University of Vigo, Campus da Auga building, 32004 Ourense, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(21), 7395; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217395
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 17 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 22 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Energy: Current Challenges and Future Perspectives)
Offshore renewable energy has a high potential for ensuring the successful implementation of the European decarbonization agenda planned for the near future. Hybrid wind-wave farms can reduce installation and maintenance costs, and increase the renewable energy availability of a location by compensating for the wind’s intermittent nature with good wave conditions. In addition, wave farms can provide protection to wind farms, and the combined wind/wave farm can provide coastal protection. This work aims to assess the future hybrid wind-wave energy resource for the northwest coast of Iberian Peninsula for the near future (2026–2045), under the RCP 8.5 greenhouse gas emission scenario. This assessment was accomplished by applying a Delphi classification method to define four categories, aiming to evaluate the richness (wind and wave energy availability, downtime), the variability (temporal variation), the environmental risk (extreme events), and cost parameters (water depth and distance to coast) of the wind and wave resources. The combined index (CI), which classifies the hybrid wind-wave resource, shows that most of the NW Iberian Peninsula presents good conditions (CI > 0.6) for exploiting energy from wind and wave resources simultaneously. Additionally, there are some particularly optimal areas (CI > 0.7), such as the region near Cape Roca, and the Galician coast. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid wind-wave farm; wind energy; wave energy; climate change; resource classification hybrid wind-wave farm; wind energy; wave energy; climate change; resource classification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ribeiro, A.; Costoya, X.; de Castro, M.; Carvalho, D.; Dias, J.M.; Rocha, A.; Gomez-Gesteira, M. Assessment of Hybrid Wind-Wave Energy Resource for the NW Coast of Iberian Peninsula in a Climate Change Context. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 7395. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217395

AMA Style

Ribeiro A, Costoya X, de Castro M, Carvalho D, Dias JM, Rocha A, Gomez-Gesteira M. Assessment of Hybrid Wind-Wave Energy Resource for the NW Coast of Iberian Peninsula in a Climate Change Context. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(21):7395. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217395

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ribeiro, Americo, Xurxo Costoya, Maite de Castro, David Carvalho, Joao M. Dias, Alfredo Rocha, and Moncho Gomez-Gesteira. 2020. "Assessment of Hybrid Wind-Wave Energy Resource for the NW Coast of Iberian Peninsula in a Climate Change Context" Applied Sciences 10, no. 21: 7395. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217395

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