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Influence of Laser Intensity Fluctuation on Single-Cesium Atom Trapping Lifetime in a 1064-nm Microscopic Optical Tweezer

by Rui Sun 1, Xin Wang 1, Kong Zhang 1, Jun He 1,2 and Junmin Wang 1,2,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, and Institute of Opto-Electronics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics of the Ministry of Education and Shanxi Province, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(2), 659; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10020659
Received: 16 December 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Optics and Lasers)
An optical tweezer composed of a strongly focused single-spatial-mode Gaussian beam of a red-detuned 1064-nm laser can confine a single-cesium (Cs) atom at the strongest point of the light intensity. We can use this for coherent manipulation of single-quantum bits and single-photon sources. The trapping lifetime of the atoms in the optical tweezers is very short due to the impact of the background atoms, the parametric heating of the optical tweezer and the residual thermal motion of the atoms. In this paper, we analyzed the influence of the background pressure, the trap frequency of optical tweezers and the laser intensity fluctuation of optical tweezers on the atomic trapping lifetime. Combined with the external feedback loop based on an acousto-optical modulator (AOM), the intensity fluctuation of the 1064-nm laser in the time domain was suppressed from ±3.360% to ±0.064%, and the suppression bandwidth in the frequency domain reached approximately 33 kHz. The trapping lifetime of a single-Cs atom in the microscopic optical tweezers was extended from 4.04 s to 6.34 s. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical tweezer; atomic trapping lifetime; parametric heating; suppression of laser intensity fluctuation optical tweezer; atomic trapping lifetime; parametric heating; suppression of laser intensity fluctuation
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Sun, R.; Wang, X.; Zhang, K.; He, J.; Wang, J. Influence of Laser Intensity Fluctuation on Single-Cesium Atom Trapping Lifetime in a 1064-nm Microscopic Optical Tweezer. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 659.

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