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Article

Modern Aspects of Cyber-Security Training and Continuous Adaptation of Programmes to Trainees

1
Foundation for Research and Technology–Hellas, Institute of Computer Science, Vassilika Vouton, 70013 Heraklion, Greece
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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Hellenic Mediterranean University (HMU), Estavromenos, 71410 Heraklion, Greece
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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Crete, 73100 Chania, Greece
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Innovation Department, Sphynx Technology Solutions AG, 6300 Zug, Switzerland
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Research Centre for Adaptive Computing Systems (CeNACS), City, University of London, London EC1V 0HB, UK
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Department of Computer Science, University of Milan, 20122 Milano, Italy
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Innovation Department, Social Engineering Academy, 60322 Frankfurt, Germany
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Research Department, SimPlan, 63452 Hanau, Germany
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Research and Development Department, ITML, 11525 Athens GR, Greece
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Applied Research Department, DANAOS Shipping Company, Limassol CY 3300, Cyprus
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Systems Certification Department, TUV HELLAS (TUV NORD) SA, 15562 Athens GR, Greece
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Research Department, ATOS SPAIN SA, 28037 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(16), 5702; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10165702
Received: 6 July 2020 / Revised: 10 August 2020 / Accepted: 13 August 2020 / Published: 17 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyber Security of Critical Infrastructures)
Nowadays, more-and-more cyber-security training is emerging as an essential process for the lifelong personnel education in organizations, especially for those which operate critical infrastructures. This is due to security breaches on popular services that become publicly known and raise people’s security awareness. Except from large organizations, small-to-medium enterprises and individuals need to keep their knowledge on the related topics up-to-date as a means to protect their business operation or to obtain professional skills. Therefore, the potential target-group may range from simple users, who require basic knowledge on the current threat landscape and how to operate the related defense mechanisms, to security experts, who require hands-on experience in responding to security incidents. This high diversity makes training and certification quite a challenging task. This study combines pedagogical practices and cyber-security modelling in an attempt to support dynamically adaptive training procedures. The training programme is initially tailored to the trainee’s needs, promoting the continuous adaptation to his/her performance afterwards. As the trainee accomplishes the basic evaluation tasks, the assessment starts involving more advanced features that demand a higher level of understanding. The overall method is integrated in a modern cyber-ranges platform, and a pilot training programme for smart shipping employees is presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyber-ranges; security training; security modelling; serious games; dynamic adaptation; training programmes; computers in education; bloom; STRIDE; smart shipping cyber-ranges; security training; security modelling; serious games; dynamic adaptation; training programmes; computers in education; bloom; STRIDE; smart shipping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hatzivasilis, G.; Ioannidis, S.; Smyrlis, M.; Spanoudakis, G.; Frati, F.; Goeke, L.; Hildebrandt, T.; Tsakirakis, G.; Oikonomou, F.; Leftheriotis, G.; Koshutanski, H. Modern Aspects of Cyber-Security Training and Continuous Adaptation of Programmes to Trainees. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 5702. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10165702

AMA Style

Hatzivasilis G, Ioannidis S, Smyrlis M, Spanoudakis G, Frati F, Goeke L, Hildebrandt T, Tsakirakis G, Oikonomou F, Leftheriotis G, Koshutanski H. Modern Aspects of Cyber-Security Training and Continuous Adaptation of Programmes to Trainees. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(16):5702. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10165702

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hatzivasilis, George, Sotiris Ioannidis, Michail Smyrlis, George Spanoudakis, Fulvio Frati, Ludger Goeke, Torsten Hildebrandt, George Tsakirakis, Fotis Oikonomou, George Leftheriotis, and Hristo Koshutanski. 2020. "Modern Aspects of Cyber-Security Training and Continuous Adaptation of Programmes to Trainees" Applied Sciences 10, no. 16: 5702. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10165702

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