Tomographic imaging technology is a geophysical inversion method. According to the ray scanning, this method carries on the inversion calculation to the obtained information, and reconstructs the image of the parameter distribution rule of elastic wave and electromagnetic wave in the measured range, so as to delineate the structure of the geological body. In this paper, teleseismic tomography is applied by using seismic travel time data to constrain layered crustal structure where Fast Marching Methods (FMM) and the subspace method are considered as forward and inverse methods, respectively. Based on the travel time data picked up from seismic waveform data in the study region, the P-wave velocity structure beneath Northeast China down to 750 km is obtained. It can be seen that there are low-velocity anomalies penetrating the mantle transition zone under the Changbai volcano group, Jingpohu Volcano, and Arshan Volcano, and these low-velocity anomalies extend to the shallow part. In this paper, it is suggested that the Cenozoic volcanoes in Northeast China were heated by the heat source provided by the dehydration of the subducted Pacific plate and the upwelling of geothermal matter in the lower mantle. The low-velocity anomaly in the north Songliao basin does not penetrate the mantle transition zone, which may be related to mantle convection and basin delamination. According to the low-velocity anomalies widely distributed in the upper mantle and the low-velocity bodies passing through the mantle transition zone beneath the volcanoes, this study suggests that the Cenozoic volcanoes in Northeast China are kindred and have a common formation mechanism.
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