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Open AccessArticle

Process Control Strategies in Chemical Looping Gasification—A Novel Process for the Production of Biofuels Allowing for Net Negative CO2 Emissions

Institute for Energy Systems & Technology, Technical University Darmstadt, Otto-Berndt-Str. 2, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(12), 4271; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124271
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 10 June 2020 / Accepted: 12 June 2020 / Published: 22 June 2020
Chemical looping gasification (CLG) is a novel gasification technique, allowing for the production of a nitrogen-free high calorific synthesis gas from solid hydrocarbon feedstocks, without requiring a costly air separation unit. Initial advances to better understand the CLG technology were made during first studies in lab and bench scale units and through basic process simulations. Yet, tailored process control strategies are required for larger CLG units, which are not equipped with auxiliary heating. Here, it becomes a demanding task to achieve autothermal CLG operation, for which stable reactor temperatures are obtained. This study presents two avenues to attain autothermal CLG behavior, established through equilibrium based process simulations. As a first approach, the dilution of active oxygen carrier materials with inert heat carriers to limit oxygen transport to the fuel reactor has been investigated. Secondly, the suitability of restricting the air flow to the air reactor in order to control the oxygen availability in the fuel reactor was examined. Process simulations show that both process control approaches facilitate controlled and de-coupled heat and oxygen transport between the two reactors of the chemical looping gasifier, thus allowing for efficient autothermal CLG operation. With the aim of inferring general guidelines on how CLG units have to be operated in order to achieve decent synthesis gas yields, different advantages and disadvantages associated to the two suggested process control strategies are discussed in detail and optimization avenues are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical looping; biomass gasification; process control; process simulation chemical looping; biomass gasification; process control; process simulation
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Dieringer, P.; Marx, F.; Alobaid, F.; Ströhle, J.; Epple, B. Process Control Strategies in Chemical Looping Gasification—A Novel Process for the Production of Biofuels Allowing for Net Negative CO2 Emissions. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 4271.

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