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Open AccessArticle

Ensemble Model Based on Stacked Long Short-Term Memory Model for Cycle Life Prediction of Lithium–Ion Batteries

Department of Industrial Management, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(10), 3549; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10103549
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemistry for Lithium Metal Batteries)
To meet the target value of cycle life, it is necessary to accurately assess the lithium–ion capacity degradation in the battery management system. We present an ensemble model based on the stacked long short-term memory (SLSTM), which is used to predict the capacity cycle life of lithium–ion batteries. The ensemble model combines LSTM with attention and gradient boosted regression (GBR) models to improve prediction accuracy, where these individual prediction values are used as input to the SLSTM model. Among 13 cells, single and multiple cells were used as the training set to verify the performance of the proposed model. In seven single-cell experiments, 70% of the data were used for model training, and the rest of the data were used for model validation. In the second experiment, one cell or two cells were used for model training, and other cells were used as test data. The results show that the proposed method is superior to individual and traditional integrated learning models. We used Monte Carlo dropout techniques to estimate variance and obtain prediction intervals. In the second experiment, the average absolute percentage errors for GBR, LSTM with attention, and the proposed model are 28.6580, 1.7813, and 1.5789, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium–ion battery; ensemble model; gradient boosted regression; long short-term memory; attention mechanism lithium–ion battery; ensemble model; gradient boosted regression; long short-term memory; attention mechanism
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Wang, F.-K.; Huang, C.-Y.; Mamo, T. Ensemble Model Based on Stacked Long Short-Term Memory Model for Cycle Life Prediction of Lithium–Ion Batteries. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 3549.

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