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Entrepreneurial Intentions in Students from a Trans-National Perspective

1
Department of Entrepreneurship, University of Salamanca, 37005 Salamanca, Spain
2
Department of Social Psychology, University of Salamanca, 37005 Salamanca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9020037
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 21 April 2019 / Accepted: 28 April 2019 / Published: 1 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue International Entrepreneurship: Past, Present, and Future)
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Abstract

Studying the variability of entrepreneurial attitudes within different countries is important in order to identify where attempts to increase entrepreneurial spirit and activity should focus. This article analyzes differences within multiple countries, as well the causal relationship of three attitudinal variables, namely, perceived behavioral control, subjective norm, and entrepreneurial motivations with entrepreneurial intention. We used a cross-national framework and analyzed the relation of four different countries with a sample of 800 students from Argentina (200), Chile (200), Panama (200), and Spain (200). Results show variability in all attitudes between countries with Panama rating the highest in most and Spain rating the lowest. Motivations expressed for entrepreneurship are not statistically significant between most countries, which suggests the perception of entrepreneurship as an engine for personal goals is high and similar in all four countries. Regression analysis showed subjective norm’s effect is not statistically significant in Argentina nor Chile for intentions, and Panama’s intentions are highly driven by entrepreneurial motivations. These suggest policies and programs should tap on the fairly consistent entrepreneurial spirit to capitalize on student’s interest in entrepreneurship, and pull them into training programs to strengthen their competences.
Keywords: international; entrepreneurship; intentions; students; university international; entrepreneurship; intentions; students; university
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ward, A.; Hernández-Sánchez, B.; Sánchez-García, J.C. Entrepreneurial Intentions in Students from a Trans-National Perspective. Adm. Sci. 2019, 9, 37.

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