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Adm. Sci. 2017, 7(2), 12;

Classification of Program Activities: How Nonprofits Create Social Value

Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Academic Editor: Rita Mano
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 21 April 2017 / Accepted: 10 May 2017 / Published: 17 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nonprofit Management in Transition)
Full-Text   |   PDF [179 KB, uploaded 19 May 2017]


This paper defines and describes a framework to classify program activities utilized by nonprofit organizations to achieve public benefit objectives. Drawing on theory and practice from strategy, nonprofit management, and program planning, the paper proposes five program activities differentiated by the value created. Several factors define and differentiate the approaches and serve as decision areas for nonprofit managers when developing program strategies. Classifying program activities facilitates further research as it provides a common language and framework to analyze strategic choices enacted in nonprofit organizations. View Full-Text
Keywords: nonprofit strategy; program services nonprofit strategy; program services
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Brown, W. Classification of Program Activities: How Nonprofits Create Social Value. Adm. Sci. 2017, 7, 12.

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