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Adm. Sci. 2016, 6(4), 15;

The Effect of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations on Academics’ Entrepreneurial Intention

Department of Business Administration, University of Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth (IRCrES) of the National Research Council (CNR), 20131 Milan, Italy
Department of Economics and Management, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fernando Muñoz-Bullón
Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 24 September 2016 / Accepted: 13 October 2016 / Published: 3 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation and Entrepreneurship)
Full-Text   |   PDF [266 KB, uploaded 3 November 2016]


This work investigates entrepreneurial intentions among academic scientists. Drawing from the literature on entrepreneurial behavior, it contributes to delineate the differences in motivations that are correlated with entrepreneurial intention to those that are considered to be linked to entrepreneurial behaviors. By disentangling the concept of motivations in its ultimately basic constructs of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations, we investigate how these two different types of motivations are related to the formation of entrepreneurial intention at the level of academic scientists. Through a survey conducted at the University of Ferrara—one of the leading universities in Italy in terms of technology transfer and scientific production—findings reveal that while academic entrepreneurial intention seems to be mostly driven by intrinsic motivations, the effect of extrinsic motivations, which are regarded as a main antecedent of entrepreneurial behavior among scientists, are largely mediated by academic positions, work environment and different combinations of these two factors. This work therefore highlights the importance of social norms in the investigation of entrepreneurial intention in academia. View Full-Text
Keywords: intrinsic motivations; extrinsic motivation; entrepreneurial intention; academic entrepreneurship intrinsic motivations; extrinsic motivation; entrepreneurial intention; academic entrepreneurship
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Antonioli, D.; Nicolli, F.; Ramaciotti, L.; Rizzo, U. The Effect of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations on Academics’ Entrepreneurial Intention. Adm. Sci. 2016, 6, 15.

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