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Article

On the Road to Sustainable Water Supply: Reducing Public Health Risks and Preserving Surface Water Resources in the Milluni Micro-Basin, Bolivia

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Project Management, Innovation and Sustainability Research Center (PRINS), Alcoy Campus, Universitat Politècnica de València, Plaza Ferrándiz y Carbonell, s/n, 03801 Alcoy, Spain
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Centro de Investigación en Agua, Energía y Sostenibilidad, Universidad Católica Boliviana “San Pablo”, Sede La Paz, Bolivia
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Departamento de Ingeniería y Ciencias Exáctas, Universidad Católica Boliviana “San Pablo”, Sede Tarija, Bolivia
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Departamento de Ingeniería Gráfica, Campus d’Alcoi, Universitat Politècnica de València, 03801 Alcoy, Spain
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Research Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM), Alcoy Campus, Universitat Politècnica de València, Plaza Ferrándiz y Carbonell, s/n, 03690 Alcoy, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dino Musmarra
Environments 2022, 9(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9010004
Received: 16 November 2021 / Revised: 14 December 2021 / Accepted: 17 December 2021 / Published: 24 December 2021
Bolivia is among the countries with the highest availability of freshwater globally. However, many of its natural sources are impacted by anthropogenic activities, such as mining. Water is intimately linked to public health and is essential to achieving sustainable development. It is necessary to preserve water resources by designing and validating monitoring programs that help control the quality of the sources that supply important population centers. The study area in this research is the upper part of the Milluni micro-basin, whose lagoon system supplies water for two large cities. Milluni is close to illegal and abandoned mining areas, making the region highly vulnerable to heavy metal contamination. This study aimed to optimize the resources available for monitoring Milluni. The frequency of monitoring was statistically determined, and the correlation between parameters measured in situ (pH and conductivity) and metal ion concentrations to determine low-cost indicators to monitor the presence of heavy metals. A multivariate analysis of friction of the results of the pilot year of the monitoring program designed for Milluni, considering the characteristics and economic limitations, is presented. An approximation of the quality of the surface water resources of Milluni is presented as a result of the monitoring operations. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality control; statistical validation; freshwater sources; heavy metals; toxic contaminant water quality control; statistical validation; freshwater sources; heavy metals; toxic contaminant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alvizuri Tintaya, P.A.; Villena Martínez, E.M.; Micó Vicent, B.; Lora Garcia, J.; Torregrosa-López, J.I.; Lo-Iacono-Ferreira, V.G. On the Road to Sustainable Water Supply: Reducing Public Health Risks and Preserving Surface Water Resources in the Milluni Micro-Basin, Bolivia. Environments 2022, 9, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9010004

AMA Style

Alvizuri Tintaya PA, Villena Martínez EM, Micó Vicent B, Lora Garcia J, Torregrosa-López JI, Lo-Iacono-Ferreira VG. On the Road to Sustainable Water Supply: Reducing Public Health Risks and Preserving Surface Water Resources in the Milluni Micro-Basin, Bolivia. Environments. 2022; 9(1):4. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alvizuri Tintaya, Paola Andrea, Esteban Manuel Villena Martínez, Bárbara Micó Vicent, Jaime Lora Garcia, Juan Ignacio Torregrosa-López, and Vanesa G. Lo-Iacono-Ferreira. 2022. "On the Road to Sustainable Water Supply: Reducing Public Health Risks and Preserving Surface Water Resources in the Milluni Micro-Basin, Bolivia" Environments 9, no. 1: 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9010004

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