This work aims to investigate possible interferences due to the presence of sodium carbonate on the photodegradation of the reactive Black 5 azoic dye, both in systems containing only titanium oxide and those containing titanium oxide and hydrogen peroxide. The role of hydrogen peroxide is explicitly treated. Sodium carbonate, in fact, is often present in the wastewater of textile industries as it is used in the fiber dyeing phases. The use of TiO2
nanoparticles is emphasized, and the possible danger is underlined. Each system was subjected to ultraviolet irradiation (UV) by varying the exposure time. After the photodegrading tests, the resulting solutions were analyzed by UV-vis spectrophotometry and High-Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance to measure the residual concentrations of dye. The dye degradation curves and reaction rates for different UV exposure times were obtained and discussed as a function of the used additives. All the data are repeated three times, and they differ only by a maximum of 5%. The results indicated a reduction of about 50% of the initial concentration of Reactive Black 5 after 30 min under optimal experimental conditions. The NMR analysis indicated the formation of a series of aromatic structures that were generated by the UV-induced photochemical fragmentation of the original molecule.
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