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An Open Source GIS-Based Application for the Assessment of Groundwater Vulnerability to Pollution
Open AccessArticle

Groundwater Vulnerability and Risk Assessment in A Karst Aquifer of Greece Using EPIK Method

Department of Water Resource Management, University of Applied Forest Sciences Rottenburg, 72108 Rottenburg, Germany
Laboratory of Engineering Geology & Hydrogeology, Department of Geology, Aristotle University, GR54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2019, 6(11), 116;
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment)
The aim of this study was the assessment of groundwater vulnerability and pollution risk of the Perivleptos karst aquifer in the northwestern part of Greece. Hence, the EPIK method has been applied within the study area. Additionally, a detailed literature overview has been obtained, including the worldwide application of the EPIK method. The hazard map has been developed for the implementation of risk assessment. The resulting vulnerability map was divided into four classes and showed especially high to very high vulnerability. The subsequent hazard assessment has shown mostly low to moderate endangerment for the northern part of the study area, which is mainly covered by forest, while the areas covered by urban and industrial, as well as agricultural land, use primarily show high to very high endangerment. Concluding in the risk map, the study area consists of 13% of very high, 48% of high, 36% of moderate and 4% of low risk of contamination. According to the literature overview, the EPIK method was mostly used in combination with other vulnerability assessment methods, and results have been validated through tracer tests, sensitivity analysis or comparing to other methods. In this study, an additional single parameter sensitivity analysis was obtained for validation of the EPIK parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: Greece; GIS; groundwater; hazard; pollution Greece; GIS; groundwater; hazard; pollution
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Vogelbacher, A.; Kazakis, N.; Voudouris, K.; Bold, S. Groundwater Vulnerability and Risk Assessment in A Karst Aquifer of Greece Using EPIK Method. Environments 2019, 6, 116.

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