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Environments 2018, 5(11), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5110113

Value Chain of Charcoal Production and Implications for Forest Degradation: Case Study of Bié Province, Angola

1
Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, CZ-16500 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, CZ-16500 Prague, Czech Republic
3
Institute of Ethnology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Florenci 3, CZ-11000 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 9 October 2018 / Accepted: 23 October 2018 / Published: 26 October 2018
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Abstract

Forest degradation and forest loss threaten the survival of many species and reduce the ability of forests to provide vital services. Clearing for agriculture in Angola is an important driver of forest degradation and deforestation. Charcoal production for urban consumption as a driver of forest degradation has had alarming impacts on natural forests, as well as on the social and economic livelihood of the rural population. The charcoal impact on forest cover change is in the same order of magnitude as deforestation caused by agricultural expansion. However, there is a need to monitor the linkage between charcoal production and forest degradation. The aim of this paper is to investigate the sequence of the charcoal value chain as a systematic key to identify policies to reduce forest degradation in the province of Bié. It is a detailed study of the charcoal value chain that does not stop on the production and the consumption side. The primary data of this study came from 330 respondents obtained through different methods (semi-structured questionnaire survey and market observation conducted in June to September 2013–2014). A logistic regression (logit) model in IBM SPSS Statistics 24 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA) was used to analyze the factors influencing the decision of the households to use charcoal for domestic purposes. The finding indicates that 21 to 27 thousand hectares were degraded due to charcoal production. By describing the chain of charcoal, it was possible to access the driving factors for charcoal production and to obtain the first-time overview flow of charcoal from producers to consumers in Bié province. The demand for charcoal in this province is more likely to remain strong if government policies do not aim to employ alternative sources of domestic energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Miombo forest; domestic energy; degradation; Bié province Miombo forest; domestic energy; degradation; Bié province
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Chiteculo, V.; Lojka, B.; Surový, P.; Verner, V.; Panagiotidis, D.; Woitsch, J. Value Chain of Charcoal Production and Implications for Forest Degradation: Case Study of Bié Province, Angola. Environments 2018, 5, 113.

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