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Vulnerability of Coastal Beach Tourism to Flooding: A Case Study of Galicia, Spain

Department of Business Organization, Business Administration and Tourism School, University of Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain
School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, 39182 Kalmar, Sweden
Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University, 25108 Helsingborg, Sweden
Western Norway Research Institute, 6851 Sogndal, Norway
Department of Management, Marketing & Entrepreneurship, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2017, 4(4), 83;
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 6 November 2017 / Accepted: 11 November 2017 / Published: 16 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Territorial Management)
Flooding, as a result of heavy rains and/or storm surges, is a persistent problem in coastal areas. Under scenarios of climate change, there are expectations that flooding events will become more frequent in some areas and potentially more intense. This poses a potential threat to coastal communities relying heavily on coastal resources, such as beaches for tourism. This paper develops a methodology for the assessment of coastal flooding risks, based on an index that compares 16 hydrogeomorphological, biophysical, human exposure and resilience indicators, with a specific focus on tourism. The paper then uses an existing flood vulnerability assessment of 724 beaches in Galicia (Spain) to test the index for tourism. Results indicate that approximately 10% of tourism beaches are at high risk to flooding, including 10 urban and 36 rural beaches. Implications for adaptation and coastal management are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: beaches; climate change; flooding; tourism; vulnerability beaches; climate change; flooding; tourism; vulnerability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Toubes, D.R.; Gössling, S.; Hall, C.M.; Scott, D. Vulnerability of Coastal Beach Tourism to Flooding: A Case Study of Galicia, Spain. Environments 2017, 4, 83.

AMA Style

Toubes DR, Gössling S, Hall CM, Scott D. Vulnerability of Coastal Beach Tourism to Flooding: A Case Study of Galicia, Spain. Environments. 2017; 4(4):83.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Toubes, Diego R., Stefan Gössling, C. Michael Hall, and Daniel Scott. 2017. "Vulnerability of Coastal Beach Tourism to Flooding: A Case Study of Galicia, Spain" Environments 4, no. 4: 83.

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