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Subjective Assessment of Sleep in Infantile Autism: A Comparative Study

Neurophysiology Department, International Center for Neurological Restoration, 25th Ave, No 15805, 11300 Havana, Cuba
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Behav. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9020012
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 17 January 2019 / Accepted: 18 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue From Basic to Clinical in Behavioral Disorders)
Sleep disturbances are very common in children with autism; it is for this reason that instruments that facilitate their evaluation are necessary. Objectives: Perform sleep assessment from a subjective perspective in a group of children with primary autism and compare them with a control group, using the Sleep Habits in Children Survey (CSHQ), with the purpose of determining sleep disturbances according to the subscales used. Method: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a group of 21 patients with primary autism. For the evaluation of sleep disturbances, we chose the CSHQ survey. The differences between the independent groups were calculated by applying a Mann–Whitney U test. Results: In the group of children with autism, higher values of the total scale were observed in comparison with the control group (p = 0.00) which It is congruent with a large sleep dysfunction. Significant differences were observed for all subscales (p = 0.00), with the exception of the subscale number 7. Conclusions: A high presence of sleep disturbances was observed in children with primary autism, with the exception of sleep breathing disorders, which did not show significant differences between the groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: Subjective sleep assessment; Autism spectrum disorder; REM sleep; NREM sleep Subjective sleep assessment; Autism spectrum disorder; REM sleep; NREM sleep
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Alfonso-Alfonso, M.; Morales-Chacón, L.M.; González-Naranjo, J.E. Subjective Assessment of Sleep in Infantile Autism: A Comparative Study. Behav. Sci. 2019, 9, 12.

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