Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Change & Grow® Therapeutic Model for Addiction: Preliminary Results of an Interventional Study
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Intolerance of Uncertainty and Mindfulness as Determinants of Anxiety and Depression in Female Students
Open AccessArticle

Crafting Task and Cognitive Job Boundaries to Enhance Self-Determination, Impact, Meaning and Competence at Work

Institute of Psychology, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Behav. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 136; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9120136
Received: 13 November 2019 / Revised: 28 November 2019 / Accepted: 30 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue XVI European Congress of Psychology)
Job crafting refers to physical and cognitive changes in task or relational work boundaries, enacted by individuals to recreate their work experience in a more motivating and rewarding way, and to realize self-actualization, growth, and meaning at work. This study tests a model of individual, interpersonal, and organizational antecedents and motivational outcomes of situation-directed task and self-directed cognitive job crafting. Employee survey data (N = 1196) from a Chinese telecommunications company permitted confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Antecedents were each measured with three-item versions of established scales, a two-dimensional scale on task and cognitive job crafting was newly developed, and a four-dimensional model of psychological empowerment captured motivational effects. Structural modeling confirmed a partial mediating role of job crafting between antecedents and empowerment. Individual growth requires strength and intellectual stimulation from one’s leader that is positively related to both tasks and cognitive crafting, while exposure to organizational constraints triggered task crafting only. Confirming differential motivational effects, task crafting predicted control-oriented empowerment dimensions of self-determination and impact, whereas cognitive crafting affected person-oriented dimensions of meaning and competence. Interpreted as a micro-emancipatory form of self-management, job crafting offers some new insights into leadership, coping, work design, work orientations, and motivation. Practical and research implications of this are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: job crafting; proactive work behavior; growth need strength; intellectual stimulation; situational constraints; psychological empowerment; survey research; structural equation modeling job crafting; proactive work behavior; growth need strength; intellectual stimulation; situational constraints; psychological empowerment; survey research; structural equation modeling
MDPI and ACS Style

Hornung, S. Crafting Task and Cognitive Job Boundaries to Enhance Self-Determination, Impact, Meaning and Competence at Work. Behav. Sci. 2019, 9, 136.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop