Next Article in Journal
The Happiness, Hardiness, and Humor Styles of Students with a Bachelor’s Degree in Sport Sciences
Previous Article in Journal
Understanding the Demographic Predictors and Associated Comorbidities in Children Hospitalized with Conduct Disorder
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Behav. Sci. 2018, 8(9), 81;

Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of Frontal, Parietal, and Cerebellar Regions in Fasting Healthy Adults

Department of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, P.O. 11445, Saudi Arabia
Neuroscience Center, King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam, Dammam, P.O. 15215, Saudi Arabia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2018 / Revised: 2 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 10 September 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [188 KB, uploaded 10 September 2018]


(1) Background: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation modality that has been investigated in a large number of studies in terms of it is effects on brain function, safety of use, and future implications. The principal aim of this study was to investigate the safety of 1.5-mA tDCS of three brain areas, that is, frontal, partial, and cerebellar cortices, in fasting healthy individuals during the month of Ramadan. (2) Methods: In a single-blinded, sham-controlled study, we assessed the safety of a 20-min tDCS current (1.5 mA, 35 cm2) over the right frontal, parietal, and cerebellar cortex areas after 8 h of fasting in healthy right-handed adult subjects using a standard safety questionnaire. (3) Results: A total of 49 subjects completed the tDCS sessions and safety questionnaire. None of the sessions were stopped due to pain or discomfort during stimulation. Moreover, no subject experienced serious adverse events such as seizures or loss of consciousness. (4) Conclusions: There was no significant difference in the frequency or type of side effects between active and sham stimulation sessions. The tDCS protocol applied in this study was found to be safe in fasting healthy adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-invasive brain stimulation; safety; fasting non-invasive brain stimulation; safety; fasting
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Almousa, A.; Alajaji, R.; Alaboudi, M.; Al-sultan, F.; Bashir, S. Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of Frontal, Parietal, and Cerebellar Regions in Fasting Healthy Adults. Behav. Sci. 2018, 8, 81.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Behav. Sci. EISSN 2076-328X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top