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Behav. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs8110099

Health Behaviors of Student Community Research Partners When Designing and Implementing a Healthy Lifestyle Intervention on College Campuses

1
Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, School of Agriculture, Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, West Virginia University, 1194 Evansdale Drive, G25 Agriculture Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
2
Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, 1215 W. Cumberland Avenue, 229 Jessie Harris Building, Knoxville, TN 37996-1920, USA
3
Department of Health and Nutritional Sciences, South Dakota State University, HNS Department, Rotunda Lane, Wagner 425, Box 2203, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
4
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, 572 Newell Dr., 359 FSHN Building, P.O. Box 110370, Gainesville, FL 32611-0370, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2018 / Revised: 19 October 2018 / Accepted: 24 October 2018 / Published: 26 October 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [253 KB, uploaded 26 October 2018]

Abstract

Few studies work with college students as equal partners in all aspects of Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) and even less evaluate behaviors of those college partners. The current study aimed to examine health behaviors of students by designing and implementing a peer-led, social marketing campaign (Get Fruved) to promote healthier lifestyles on their campuses. Enrolled students (n = 376) were trained to either design and implement a health promotion intervention (Social Marketing and Environmental Interventionists; SMEI, n = 78), be peer mentors (PM; n = 205), or serve as control participants (n = 93). Students’ behaviors (dietary, activity, and stress) and anthropometrics were assessed at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. The population was predominately Caucasian, female, and between 19 and 20 years old. On average, fruit and vegetable consumption slightly decreased across all time points for each group with control at a larger decline. Students International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) scores showed students met recommended amounts of activity throughout the intervention, with males reporting higher activity levels. Cohen’s Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) analyses indicated 19 year olds had higher stress along with females had higher than males. Students involved in a CBPR approach to be trained, design, and implement a lifestyle intervention can achieve maintenance of health behaviors throughout a college year when compared to control students. View Full-Text
Keywords: CBPR; college students; health; behavior; interventionists CBPR; college students; health; behavior; interventionists
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Barr, M.L.; Colby, S.E.; Riggsbee, K.; Leischner, K.; Mathews, A.E.; Vilaro, M.J.; Kattelmann, K.K.; Olfert, M.D. Health Behaviors of Student Community Research Partners When Designing and Implementing a Healthy Lifestyle Intervention on College Campuses. Behav. Sci. 2018, 8, 99.

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