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Variables and Mechanisms Affecting Response to Language Treatment in Multilingual People with Aphasia

by 1,2,* and 3
1
Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, Graduate Center & Lehman College, City University of New York, New York, NY 10016, USA
2
MultiLing Center for Multilingualism in Society across the Lifespan, University of Oslo, 0313 Oslo, Norway
3
Program of Communication Disorders, Hadassah Academic College, Jerusalem 9101001, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(9), 144; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10090144
Received: 13 August 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 18 September 2020 / Published: 22 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bilingual Aphasia)
Background: Despite substantial literature exploring language treatment effects in multilingual people with aphasia (PWA), inconsistent results reported across studies make it difficult to draw firm conclusions. Methods: We highlight and illustrate variables that have been implicated in affecting cross-language treatment effects in multilingual PWA. Main contribution: We argue that opposing effects of activation and inhibition across languages, influenced by pertinent variables, such as age of language acquisition, patterns of language use, and treatment-related factors, contribute to the complex picture that has emerged from current studies of treatment in multilingual PWA. We propose a new integrated model—Treatment Effects in Aphasia in Multilingual people (the TEAM model)—to capture this complexity. View Full-Text
Keywords: language activation; language inhibition; language treatment; cross-language generalization; stroke aphasia language activation; language inhibition; language treatment; cross-language generalization; stroke aphasia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goral, M.; Lerman, A. Variables and Mechanisms Affecting Response to Language Treatment in Multilingual People with Aphasia. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 144. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10090144

AMA Style

Goral M, Lerman A. Variables and Mechanisms Affecting Response to Language Treatment in Multilingual People with Aphasia. Behavioral Sciences. 2020; 10(9):144. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10090144

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goral, Mira; Lerman, Aviva. 2020. "Variables and Mechanisms Affecting Response to Language Treatment in Multilingual People with Aphasia" Behav. Sci. 10, no. 9: 144. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10090144

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