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Comparing Psychopathological Symptoms in Portuguese Football Fans and Non-fans

1
Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Portuguese Catholic University, Rua de Camões 60, 4710-362 Braga, Portugal
2
Tourism & Hospitality School, University Europeia, Rua Laura Ayres 4, 1650-510 Lisboa, Portugal
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Sports & Health School, University Europeia, Estrada da Correia 53, 1500-210 Lisboa, Portugal
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Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sport, University Lusófona, Rua de Augusto Rosa 24, 4000-098 Porto, Portugal
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Department of Mathematics (DM. UTAD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Quinta de Prados, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
6
UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS), University Fernando Pessoa (UFP), Praça 9 de Abril 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(5), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10050085
Received: 3 April 2020 / Revised: 24 April 2020 / Accepted: 26 April 2020 / Published: 1 May 2020
The present study aims to characterize football fans and non-fans and to compare their psychopathological symptoms with the latest normative values for the Portuguese population from Canavarro in 2007. Results showed that football fans and non-fans are mostly male, have an affective relationship, are childless, have secondary education or a high degree, and are employed or students; fans are more likely to be male, dating, unemployed, to have elementary education and be younger than non-fans. Football fans present significantly higher psychopathological symptoms than non-fans in somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, hostility, paranoid ideation and psychoticism and all psychopathological indexes. Football fans present values very close to those of populations with emotional distress in hostility and are above the mean of the general population in obsession–compulsion, hostility, paranoid ideation and psychoticism. View Full-Text
Keywords: violent behavior; football fans and non-fans; psychopathological symptoms; Portuguese population violent behavior; football fans and non-fans; psychopathological symptoms; Portuguese population
MDPI and ACS Style

Leite, Â.; Ramires, A.; Costa, R.; Castro, F.; Sousa, H.F.P.; Vidal, D.G.; Dinis, M.A.P. Comparing Psychopathological Symptoms in Portuguese Football Fans and Non-fans. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 85.

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