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Open AccessArticle

Routes for Specialization in Psychology throughout Europe

APPsyCI—Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, ISPA—Instituto Universitário, Lisboa 1100-304, Portugal
Ordem dos Psicólogos Portugueses, Lisboa 1050-116, Portugal
LabCom.IFP-Comunicação, Filosofia e Humanidades, Universidade de Évora, Évora 7000, Portugal
Department of Education and Psychology, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real 5000-801, Portugal
Clinical and Health Psychology Department, ISPA—Instituto Universitário, Lisboa 1100-304, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(1), 7;
Received: 17 October 2019 / Revised: 30 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 19 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue XVI European Congress of Psychology)
The specialization of psychology helps to delineate fields in the practice of psychology. When establishing professional qualification criteria, associations seek to promote, in their members, scientific skills and knowledge considered fundamental for the practice of psychology in a given area. The present study reports on a survey of the member associations of the European Federation of Psychologists Associations (EFPA). The survey inquired about: (a) the initial requisites for entering the profession and (b) additional requisites for specialization. Of the 37 associations contacted, 14 replied and we retrieved the information of 12 associations from their official websites. The results indicate that specialization is widespread throughout Europe and is independent of the regulation of the profession. In almost half of the countries considered, the specialization process is completed in universities—it is frequently associated with the postgraduate level of the EuroPsy—and relies on conventional learning methods. The number of existing specialties in psychology is very high, but the traditional areas (clinical and health, education, and social/organizational) are more prevalent. The results are discussed in light of the advantages, but also the challenges posed by the specialization in psychology. A continuous model of the specialization of psychology is proposed with two stages: broad and advanced psychology areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: specialties of psychology; EuroPsy; training specialties of psychology; EuroPsy; training
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Dias Neto, D.; Figueiredo, S.; Biscaia, C.; Barros, M.J.; Barroso, R.; Fernandes, F. Routes for Specialization in Psychology throughout Europe. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 7.

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