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Psychological Mediation of Dysfunction and Hyperfunction of Respiratory Regulation

Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 125009 Moscow, Russia
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Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10010005
Received: 26 November 2019 / Revised: 15 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 19 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue XVI European Congress of Psychology)
This research investigates the continuum between the dysfunction and the hyperfunction of breath regulation and presents the psychological mediation that supports or disrupts this regulation. The pilot study compared breathing regulation in patients with hyperventilation syndrome (HVS), free divers, and healthy volunteers. To examine the ability of voluntary respiration regulation, breath holding involving “easy-going” and “struggling” phases was used. Psychological mediation was assessed through (a) respiratory experience interviews, (b) anxiety levels, and (c) psycho-semantic techniques. Free divers have a bigger “positive breathing vocabulary” and can endure the conflict between the physiological need to inhale and the voluntary motivation to hold their breath for longer. The connection between emotions and negative breathing experience in patients with HVS leads to less breathing control. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory mechanics; hyperventilation; breath holding; diving; anxiety; self-control; clinical psychology respiratory mechanics; hyperventilation; breath holding; diving; anxiety; self-control; clinical psychology
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Koniukhovskaia, J.; Pervichko, E. Psychological Mediation of Dysfunction and Hyperfunction of Respiratory Regulation. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 5.

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