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Tectonics-Related Geosites: Towards Accurate Nomenclature

1
K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of Technologies and Management (the First Cossack University), Zemlyanoy Val 73, Moscow 109004, Russia
2
Department of Economics and Management, Business School, Cherepovets State University, Sovetskiy Avenue 10, Cherepovets, Vologda Region 162600, Russia
3
Department of Physical Geography, Ecology, and Nature Protection, Institute of Earth Sciences, Southern Federal University, Zorge Street 40, Rostov-on-Don 344090, Russia
4
T.F. Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University (KuzSTU), Vesennyaya Street 28, Kemerovo 650000, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(6), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9060275
Received: 9 June 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 June 2019 / Published: 22 June 2019
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Abstract

Accurate nomenclature of geological heritage sites (geosites) is necessary to facilitate their description and territorial geodiversity evaluation (both important for sustainable development and efficient land-use planning). As suggested by previous geological heritage studies, tectonics-related geosites are termed differently and, chiefly, provisionally (e.g., as tectonic geosites or structural geosites). Moreover, the nomenclature should take into account modern advances in the understanding of some basic tectonic phenomena. We propose abandoning the separation of structural, neotectonic, and seismic types of geosites and replacing with a single tectonic type. This can be further subdivided into subtypes, although one should consider the complexities in the links between tectonic and other geological phenomena (e.g., unique seismic features are essentially tectonic, but these can be expressed via geomorphological or sedimentary features—a geosite retains tectonic and geomorphological/sedimentary types in this case). The development of accurate nomenclature of tectonics-related geosites requires debates by experts in geological heritage. View Full-Text
Keywords: earthquakes; geological heritage; neotectonics; structures; terminology earthquakes; geological heritage; neotectonics; structures; terminology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ruban, D.A.; Mikhailenko, A.V.; Ermolaev, V.A. Tectonics-Related Geosites: Towards Accurate Nomenclature. Geosciences 2019, 9, 275.

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