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Landslide Susceptibility Assessment at the Basin Scale for Rainfall- and Earthquake-Triggered Shallow Slides

1
Centre of Geographical Studies, Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning, University of Lisbon, Rua Branca Edmée Marques, 1600-276 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Research Institute for Volcanology and Risk Assessment, University of Azores, Rua Mãe de Deus, 9500-501 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
3
Centre for Information and Seismovolcanic Surveilance of the Azores, University of the Azores, Rua Mãe de Deus, 9500-501 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(6), 268; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9060268
Received: 2 May 2019 / Revised: 7 June 2019 / Accepted: 17 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Hazards)
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Abstract

The hydrographic basin of Ribeira Grande (S. Miguel Island, Azores) has a set of characteristics that enhance the occurrence of shallow slides that have been triggered by rainfall and earthquakes. Two landslide inventories were built according to the landslide triggers: Landslide Inventory 2 (LI 2), which includes 174 earthquake-triggered shallow slides occurred in 2005; and Landslide Inventory 1 (LI 1), which includes 442 shallow slides triggered by rainfall in several periods from 2005 to 2016. Both landslide inventories were characterized and compared from the morphometric point of view and were used individually to produce susceptibility models to failure using a simple bivariate state-of-the-art statistical method (the Information Value). The landslide susceptibility Models were validated using success rates, prediction rates, and Kappa statistics. The results show that shallow slides triggered by rainfall and earthquakes in the study area have different morphometric characteristics. It was verified that models produced with LI 1 are very effective in predicting the spatial location of LI 2, but the same does not happen in the inverse situation. Finally, landslide susceptibility models developed with LI 1 and LI 2 for the upper sector of the hydrographic basin (where most landslides occurred), and latter applied to the complete watershed, present more modest predictive results but are more reliable to characterize the landslide susceptibility in the study area. View Full-Text
Keywords: Shallow slides; Rainfall-triggering; Earthquake-triggering; Modelling; Susceptibility Shallow slides; Rainfall-triggering; Earthquake-triggering; Modelling; Susceptibility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gordo, C.; Zêzere, J.L.; Marques, R. Landslide Susceptibility Assessment at the Basin Scale for Rainfall- and Earthquake-Triggered Shallow Slides. Geosciences 2019, 9, 268.

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