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Open AccessArticle

A Novel Approach to Isolation and Screening of Calcifying Bacteria for Biotechnological Applications

Department of Life, Health & Environmental Sciences, Microbiology Laboratory, University of L’Aquila, Coppito, 67010 L’Aquila, Italy
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Geosciences 2019, 9(11), 479; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9110479
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 12 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 14 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tracking the Deep Biosphere through Time)
Bacterial calcium-carbonate precipitation (BCP) has been studied for multiple applications such as remediation, consolidation, and cementation. Isolation and screening of strong calcifying bacteria is the main task of BCP-technique. In this paper, we studied CaCO3 precipitation by different bacteria isolated from a rhizospheric soil in both solid and liquid media. It has been found, through culture-depending studies, that bacteria belonging to Actinobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, and Alphaproteobacteria are the dominant bacteria involved in CaCO3 precipitation in this environment. Pure and mixed cultures of selected strains were applied for sand biocementation experiments. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analyses of the biotreated samples revealed the biological nature of the cementation and the effectiveness of the biodeposition treatment by mixed cultures. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed that all the calcifying strains selected for sand biocementation precipitated CaCO3, mostly in the form of calcite. In this study, Biolog® EcoPlate is evaluated as a useful method for a more targeted choice of the sampling site with the purpose of obtaining interesting candidates for BCP applications. Furthermore, ImageJ software was investigated, for the first time to our knowledge, as a potential method to screen high CaCO3 producer strains. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacterial calcium-carbonate precipitation (BCP); calcifying bacteria selection; calcifying mixed cultures; ImageJ software; Biolog EcoPlates; sand biocementation bacterial calcium-carbonate precipitation (BCP); calcifying bacteria selection; calcifying mixed cultures; ImageJ software; Biolog EcoPlates; sand biocementation
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Cacchio, P.; Del Gallo, M. A Novel Approach to Isolation and Screening of Calcifying Bacteria for Biotechnological Applications. Geosciences 2019, 9, 479.

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