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Open AccessArticle

Tsunami Vulnerability Criteria for Fishery Port Facilities in Japan

1
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3173-25, Showa-machi, Kanazawa, Yokohama 236-0001, Japan
2
Wakayama Prefecture, 1-1, Komatsubara-dori, Wakayama 640-8585, Japan
3
Alpha Hydraulic Engineering Consultants Co., Ltd., 516-336, 9 Jou-14 Chome Hassamu, Nishi-ku, Sapporo Hokkaido 063-0829, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(10), 410; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9100410
Received: 25 July 2019 / Revised: 11 September 2019 / Accepted: 18 September 2019 / Published: 21 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interdisciplinary Geosciences Perspectives of Tsunami Volume 2)
Business continuity plans (BCPs) can be effective and proactive countermeasures to respond flexibly to crises caused by unexpected natural disasters such as large tsunamis. BCP guidelines for fisheries are being issued by the Fisheries Agency (Japan) and the utilization of such BCPs has been spreading in Japan. Despite the need to promote the social implementation of BCPs in the fisheries industry, there is a lack of quantitative criteria for the tsunami damage threshold of various fishing ports and facilities. In this research, we surveyed the damage to the fishing facilities from the tsunami generated by the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake. Data were collected on the tsunami damage for various fishery facilities and used to establish criteria for tsunami damage thresholds. In addition, tsunami damage inferred from 1506 scenarios of tsunami computations was predicted probabilistically for a model region as the Nachi Katsu’ura Fishery Port in Wakayama Prefecture. The method we developed in this research makes it possible to assess the probabilistic tsunami damage by combining a tsunami hazard assessment method with criteria for damage occurrence for fishery port facilities and equipment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tsunami; fishery port; fisheries facility; vulnerability criteria Tsunami; fishery port; fisheries facility; vulnerability criteria
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Imai, K.; Inazumi, T.; Emoto, K.; Horie, T.; Suzuki, A.; Kudo, K.; Ogawa, M.; Noji, M.; Mizuto, K.; Sasaki, T. Tsunami Vulnerability Criteria for Fishery Port Facilities in Japan. Geosciences 2019, 9, 410.

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