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Geosciences 2019, 9(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9010025

Remote Sensing Analyses on Sentinel-2 Images: Looking for Roman Roads in Srem Region (Serbia)

1
Domaine Universitaire, Maison de l’Archéologie, Institut Ausonius (UMR 5607), Université Bordeaux Montaigne, 8 Esplanade des Antilles, 33600 Pessac, France
2
Independent Researcher, via XXV Aprile 16, 87053 Celico CS, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 November 2018 / Revised: 22 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 5 January 2019
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Abstract

The present research is part of the project “From Aquileia to Singidunum: reconstructing the paths of the Roman travelers—RecRoad”, developed at the Université Bordeaux Montaigne, thanks to a Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellowship. One of the goals of the project was to detect and reconstruct the Roman viability between the Roman cities of Aquileia (Aquileia, Italy) and Singidunum (Belgrade, Serbia), using different sources and methods, one of which is satellite remote sensing. The research project analyzed and combined several data, including images produced by the Sentinel-2 mission, funded by the European Commission Earth Observation Programme Copernicus, in which satellites were launched between 2015 and 2017. These images are freely available for scientific and commercial purposes, and constitute a constantly updated gallery of the whole planet, with a revisit time of five days at the Equator. The technical specifications of the satellites’ sensors are particularly suitable for archaeological mapping purposes, and their capacities in this field still need to be fully explored. The project provided a useful testbed for the use of Sentinel-2 images in the archaeological field. The study compares traditional Vegetation Indices with experimental trials on Sentinel images applied to the Srem District in Serbia. The paper also compares the results obtained from the analysis of the Sentinel-2 images with WorldView-2 multispectral images. The obtained results were verified through an archaeological surface survey. View Full-Text
Keywords: remote sensing; satellite; Sentinel-2; surface survey; Roman archaeology remote sensing; satellite; Sentinel-2; surface survey; Roman archaeology
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Zanni, S.; De Rosa, A. Remote Sensing Analyses on Sentinel-2 Images: Looking for Roman Roads in Srem Region (Serbia). Geosciences 2019, 9, 25.

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