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Open AccessArticle

Columbite-Group Minerals from New York Pegmatites: Insights from Isotopic and Geochemical Analyses

1
New York State Museum, Research and Collections, Albany, NY 12230, USA
2
Department of Geology, St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY 13617, USA
3
Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
4
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA
5
Eastern Geology and Paleoclimate Center, U.S. Geological Survey, P.O. Box 628, Montpelier, VT 05602, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(5), 169; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8050169
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 27 April 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 9 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geochronology Applied to Metallogeny and Deposit Studies)
Columbite crystals from niobium-yttrium-fluorine (NYF) pegmatites lacking zircon or containing metamict cyrtolite were analyzed for major and minor elements (Electron Microprobe (EMP)), trace elements (Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS)), and U-Pb geochronology (Laser AblationMulti-Collector-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (LA-MC-ICP-MS)). All four pegmatite localities sampled are hosted by the Proterozoic Fordham gneiss and/or Paleozoic Bedford gneiss (Columbite-(Fe); Kinkel and Baylis localities) and the Manhattan Schist of Lower Paleozoic age (Columbite-(Mn); Fort George and Harlem River Drive localities) and yield Neoacadian ages. The weighted average U-Pb ages are 372.2 ± 8.2 Ma (Baylis Quarry), 371.3 ± 7.3 and 383.4 ± 8.9 Ma (Kinkel Quarry); 383 ± 15 Ma (185th St. and Harlem River Drive); and 372 ± 10 Ma (Fort George). A partial metamict zircon (“cyrtolite”) from the Kinkel Quarry yielded a weighted average U-Pb age of 376.9 ± 4.3 Ma. The Neoacadian ages obtained agree with those determined by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) for zircon from Lithium-Cesium-Tantalum (LCT) pegmatites from Connecticut and Maine. No pegmatites temporally associated with the Taconic orogeny were found. The size, lack of common Pb, uniform U concentrations across crystal cross-sections, sufficient but moderate uranium concentrations, lack of metamictization, and consistency in U-Pb isotopic ratios for columbite samples BCB-COL, NYSM #25232, and NYSM #525.8 suggests they show promise as potential standards for oxide mineral LA-MC-ICP-MS geochronological analyses, however, additional characterization using ID-TIMS would be necessary to develop as such. View Full-Text
Keywords: NYF pegmatites; columbite-(Fe); columbite-(Mn); Bedford; Manhattan; Neoacadian; U-Pb columbite geochronology NYF pegmatites; columbite-(Fe); columbite-(Mn); Bedford; Manhattan; Neoacadian; U-Pb columbite geochronology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lupulescu, M.V.; Chiarenzelli, J.R.; Pecha, M.E.; Singer, J.W.; Regan, S.P. Columbite-Group Minerals from New York Pegmatites: Insights from Isotopic and Geochemical Analyses. Geosciences 2018, 8, 169. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8050169

AMA Style

Lupulescu MV, Chiarenzelli JR, Pecha ME, Singer JW, Regan SP. Columbite-Group Minerals from New York Pegmatites: Insights from Isotopic and Geochemical Analyses. Geosciences. 2018; 8(5):169. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8050169

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lupulescu, Marian V.; Chiarenzelli, Jeffrey R.; Pecha, Mark E.; Singer, Jared W.; Regan, Sean P. 2018. "Columbite-Group Minerals from New York Pegmatites: Insights from Isotopic and Geochemical Analyses" Geosciences 8, no. 5: 169. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8050169

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