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Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Hydrocarbon Habitat of the Abadan Plain Basin: A Geological Review of a Prolific Middle Eastern Hydrocarbon Province

1
Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering and Mines, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
2
Australian School of Petroleum, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(12), 496; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120496
Received: 21 October 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 17 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress Quantification in Sedimentary Basins)
The Abadan Plain Basin is located in the Middle East region which is host to some of the world’s largest oil and gas fields around the Persian Gulf. This basin is a foredeep basin to the southwest of the Zagros Fold-Thrust-Belt, bounded along its northern and eastern margins by the Dezful Embayment. Most of the rocks in this basin have been deposited in a carbonate environment, and existing fractures have made the formations a favourable place for hydrocarbon accumulations. The basin is enriched by oil and, therefore, gas reservoirs are few, and some of the explored reservoirs exhibit significant degrees of overpressure. This paper has compiled several aspects of the Abadan Plain Basin tectonics, structural geology and petroleum systems to provide a better understanding of the opportunities and risks of development activities in this region. In addition to the existing knowledge, this paper provides a basin-wide examination of pore pressure, vertical stress, temperature gradient, and wellbore stability issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: Abadan Plain; Zagros; Arabia; tectonics; stratigraphy; overburden; geochemistry; overpressure; pore pressure; hydrocarbon exploration Abadan Plain; Zagros; Arabia; tectonics; stratigraphy; overburden; geochemistry; overpressure; pore pressure; hydrocarbon exploration
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Atashbari, V.; Tingay, M.; Amrouch, K. Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Hydrocarbon Habitat of the Abadan Plain Basin: A Geological Review of a Prolific Middle Eastern Hydrocarbon Province. Geosciences 2018, 8, 496.

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